COMMEMORATION OF WORLD HEPATITIS DAY AT LYSOKA, BUEA
B is a potential life-threatening infection caused by the Hepatitis B Virus
(HBV). It is a major global health problem because according to WHO estimates
257million people in the world are living with the virus, and in 2015 it
resulted to 887000 deaths mostly from complications (liver cirrhosis and
hepatocellular carcinoma). About 7.4% of people living with HBV are also
infected with HIV. HBV is transmitted via contact with blood and other body
fluids from an infected person, unscreened blood
during transfusion, and from mother to child during delivery. HBV has a high
infectivity rate than HIV because it can still cause infection after staying
outside the human body for up to a week. However, HBV infection can be
prevented by currently available safe and effective vaccines. In Cameroon the
sero-prevalence of HBV stands between 6 - 16 %, males more infected than
females (Akouane et al, 2013; Nwobegahay et al, 2016). However, many people are
still ignorant about their HBV sero-status and only present in hospitals with
fatal complications. In Cameroon, 55.9% of patients with chronic HBV infection
develop liver cirrhosis while 47.7% mostly between 30-39 years develop liver
ØTo sensitize the local communities of Lysoka and its environs
on the facts concerning Hepatitis viral disease, especially Hepatitis B viral
Ø To pre-counsel and
freely screen the population for Hepatitis B virus (HBsAg)
ØTo give orientation to HBsAg negative cases on how and where
to get vaccinated against HBV, and to educate HBsAg-positive asymptomatic cases
on healthy living and available treatment centres.
On Wednesday 28th July
2017, a 10-man FALCOH team, constituted of medical doctors, nurses, laboratory
scientist & technicians and social workers, was at Lysoka community hall to
celebrate the 2017 edition of World Hepatitis Day tagged “ELININATE HEPATITIS”.
The community has been mobilized a forth night before the day of the event, via
communiqués to churches, social groups and town crying.
arrival, the team leader introduced the mission of the team to the community
after which the chief’s representative welcomed us and expressed their
gratitude for the choice of their community to carry out this rare
intervention. Thereafter, one of the medical doctors, then a laboratory
scientist, gave a health talk on Hepatitis viral infection (types, causative
agents, modes of transmission, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, prevention,
treatment and complications). Information leaflets were distributed as well.
community participants took turns to be tested for hepatitis B virus (HBsAg). A
total of 30 participants were screened among whom were adolescents and adults
(11 males and 19 females).
At the end of the event five (05)
positive cases were diagnosed. The latter were cautioned on healthy leaving and
annual/bi-annual liver function checks. The negative cases were advice to take
the vaccine against HBV at legalized clinics.