COMMEMORATION OF WORLD HEPATITIS DAY AT LYSOKA, BUEA

COMMEMORATION OF WORLD HEPATITIS DAY AT LYSOKA, BUEA
  • 6th September, 2017

BACKGROUND

Hepatitis B is a potential life-threatening infection caused by the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). It is a major global health problem because according to WHO estimates 257million people in the world are living with the virus, and in 2015 it resulted to 887000 deaths mostly from complications (liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma). About 7.4% of people living with HBV are also infected with HIV. HBV is transmitted via contact with blood and other body fluids from an infected person, unscreened blood during transfusion, and from mother to child during delivery. HBV has a high infectivity rate than HIV because it can still cause infection after staying outside the human body for up to a week. However, HBV infection can be prevented by currently available safe and effective vaccines. In Cameroon the sero-prevalence of HBV stands between 6 - 16 %, males more infected than females (Akouane et al, 2013; Nwobegahay et al, 2016). However, many people are still ignorant about their HBV sero-status and only present in hospitals with fatal complications. In Cameroon, 55.9% of patients with chronic HBV infection develop liver cirrhosis while 47.7% mostly between 30-39 years develop liver cancer.

OBJECTIVES OF ACTIVITY

ØTo sensitize the local communities of Lysoka and its environs on the facts concerning Hepatitis viral disease, especially Hepatitis B viral infection.

Ø To pre-counsel and freely screen the population for Hepatitis B virus (HBsAg)

ØTo give orientation to HBsAg negative cases on how and where to get vaccinated against HBV, and to educate HBsAg-positive asymptomatic cases on healthy living and available treatment centres.  

CAMPAIGN PROPER

On Wednesday 28th July 2017, a 10-man FALCOH team, constituted of medical doctors, nurses, laboratory scientist & technicians and social workers, was at Lysoka community hall to celebrate the 2017 edition of World Hepatitis Day tagged “ELININATE HEPATITIS”. The community has been mobilized a forth night before the day of the event, via communiqués to churches, social groups and town crying.




On arrival, the team leader introduced the mission of the team to the community after which the chief’s representative welcomed us and expressed their gratitude for the choice of their community to carry out this rare intervention. Thereafter, one of the medical doctors, then a laboratory scientist, gave a health talk on Hepatitis viral infection (types, causative agents, modes of transmission, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, prevention, treatment and complications). Information leaflets were distributed as well.

The community participants took turns to be tested for hepatitis B virus (HBsAg). A total of 30 participants were screened among whom were adolescents and adults (11 males and 19 females).



At the end of the event five (05) positive cases were diagnosed. The latter were cautioned on healthy leaving and annual/bi-annual liver function checks. The negative cases were advice to take the vaccine against HBV at legalized clinics.

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